Jerusalem is the capital of Israel and one of the historical cities in the world. It is situated in the Judean Mountains, amid the Mediterranean Sea and the northern edge of the Dead Sea. There is a mystic eminence about the Old City of Jerusalem that does not occur somewhere else in the world. Perchance it is owed to the magnificent antiquity of the gigantic stone walls and primeval buildings, or the consecrated atmosphere that environs the sanctified sites of Jewish, Christian, and Moslem creeds. The Temple Mountfor Jews, the Church of the Sacred Sepulcher for Christians, and the AL-Aqsa Mosque for Muslims. The city, quiescent on the original hills of the City of David and surrounded by a wall with seven gates, 34 towers, and a citadel (the Tower of David), is divided into four residential quarters:
Jerusalem Armenian Quarter
The Armenian quarter is the minutest quarter of the Ancient City. The Armenians established in Jerusalem in the 4th century for pious aims, and the St. James Cathedral was constructed in the 12th century. This church far along became the focus for the Armenian people in Israel. It is one of the most striking churches in the nation and is erected upon the vestiges of a Byzantine church.
The institution for Armenian priests and the Armenian Museum, which boons the ethnic and national antiquity of the Armenian people, is also situated in the Armenian quarter.
The Christian Quarter
The Christian quarter has more than 40 churches, hermitages, and dosshouses that were constructed for Christian pilgrims. In the core of the Christian quarter is the Church of the Divine Sepulchre, which, conferring to Christian belief was the spot upon which Jesus was tormented and suppressed following his last walk alongside the Via Dolorosa.
The Jewish Quarter
The Jewish quarter is the chief residential area for Jews in the ancient City. This quarter also encloses the Western Wall – which is a sacred dwelling for the Jews since it was a chunk of the Shrine. It also contains remarkable archeological spots such as the Burnt House – the remnants of a house from the period of the devastation of Jerusalem by the Romans 2000 years ago. The Cardo is an emblematic Roman lane built in the 6thcentury residing of stores located sandwiched between two rows of columns.
The Moslem Quarter
The Moslem quarter is the major quarter in the timeworn city, and most of its population attained after its original Jewish and Christian inhabitants moved to newer localities. The Moslem Quarter has churches and mosques, and there are numerous Jewish families, and Yeshivas still residing. The most imperative spots in the Moslem Quarter are sacrosanct situates for the Moslem belief such as the Dome of the Rock on Mount Moria.